Posted in Alienation

Are Normal Narcissists Psychologically Healthy?:

A Brief Review of Theory and Research on Normal Narcissism Two complementary views of normal narcissism have been offered by Paulhus (2001). The first is based on the Big Five framework. Specifically, the structure of interpersonal traits is represented in terms of two dimensions: agency and communion (T. Leary, 1957; Wiggins, 1979). The vector that diagonally slices the two circumplex axes of high agency and low communion is regarded as the locus of narcissism (Wiggins & Pincus, 1994). Subsequent work has confirmed the view that narcissists are relatively high on agency and low on communion (W. K. Campbell, Rudich, & Sedikides, 2002; Paulhus & John, 1998). Costa and McCrae (1995) related the highagency and low-communion axes to the Big Five traits of Extraversion and Agreeableness, arguing that the former were slight rotations of the latter. On the basis of this insight, Paulhus (2001) labeled high narcissists “disagreeable extraverts.” The second view of normal narcissism is based on attachment theory. According to the working model hypothesis (Griffin & Bartholomew, 1994), attachment styles are structured around one’s perception of self (positive vs. negative) and others (positive vs. negative). High narcissists have a positive perception of self but a negative perception of others, resembling the attachment style of dismissives

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