The Loss of Reality in Neurosis and Psychosis Accordingly, the initial difference is expressed thus in the final outcome: in neurosis a piece of reality is avoided by a sort of flight, whereas in psychosis it is remodelled. Or we might say: in psychosis, the initial flight is succeeded by an active phase of remodelling; in […]
Maladaptive behaviors are those that stop you from adapting to new or difficult circumstances. They can start after a major life change, illness, or traumatic event. It could also be a habit you picked up at an early age.
Psychological manipulation can be defined as the exercise of undue influence through mental distortion and emotional exploitation, with the intention to seize power, control, benefits and/or privileges at the victim’s expense. It is important to distinguish healthy social influence from psychological manipulation.
This research project is an exploration of the relationship between psychological types, as derived from Carl Gustav Jung’s theory, and ego defense mechanisms, as conceptualized by psychoanalytical theorists ranging from Sigmund and Anna Freud to George Vaillant. The two sets of constructs (4 bipolar typological dimensions and 24 defense mechanisms) were measured using two established […]