Posted in Complex Trauma, Post-traumatic Stress

Post‐traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Post‐traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can occur following a traumatic event. It is characterised by symptoms of re‐experiencing the trauma (in the form of nightmares, flashbacks and distressing thoughts), avoiding reminders of the traumatic event, negative alterations in thoughts and mood, and symptoms of hyper‐arousal (feeling on edge, being easily startled, feeling angry, having difficulties sleeping, and problems concentrating).

Previous reviews have supported the use of individual trauma‐focused cognitive behavioural therapy (TFCBT) and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) in the treatment of PTSD. TFCBT is a variant of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), which includes a number of techniques to help a person overcome a traumatic event. It is a combination of cognitive therapy aimed at changing the way a person thinks, and behavioural therapy, which aims to change the way a person acts. TFCBT helps an individual come to terms with a trauma through exposure to memories of the event. EMDR is a psychological therapy, which aims to help a person reprocess their memories of a traumatic event. The therapy involves bringing distressing trauma‐related images, beliefs, and bodily sensations to mind, whilst the therapist guides eye movements from side to side. More positive views of the trauma memories are identified, with the aim of replacing the ones that are causing problems.

TFCBT and EMDR are currently recommended as the treatments of choice by guidelines such as those published by the United Kingdom’s National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE).

Posted in Linda Turner

Breathe out, look in, let go.

Open your heart to who you are, right now, not who you would like to be.

Not the saint you’re striving to become.

But the being right here before you, inside you, around you.

All of you is holy.

You’re already more and less than whatever you can know.

Breathe out, look in, let go.

– John Welwood-

Posted in Complex Trauma, Pete Walker, Post-traumatic Stress

Pete Walker – Why do you specialize in Complex PTSD?

There’s an old adage: “Teach what you know.” I know about trauma because I survived childhood in the war zone of a severely dysfunctional family in NYC in the 1950’s. The frontline was definitely in my house, but there were many traumatizing skirmishes on the streets and in the Catholic school where I was held captive by mean, red-faced, yardstick-wielding women in penguin suits. I escaped my family into the Viet Nam era army, and although I only went there briefly, my year of training to be a combat platoon leader helps me see the parallels between war-induced trauma and dysfunctional family begotten trauma.

By the time I was 25, I had survived a decade of high risk activity peppered with what now look like unconscious suicide attempts, before I finally realized that I was seriously hurting. I have spent four decades personally exploring varied psychological and spiritual approaches to healing my trauma, and the personal gains I have made coupled with the healing I have witnessed in my clients and students over the last 30 years has given me, I believe, a unique perspective and set of tools to share with my fellow PTSD sufferers. I have pieced together a map and an eclectic blend of perspectives and techniques that can significantly ameliorate Complex PTSD. My approach helps manage the complex symptomology of emotional flashbacks and provides encouragement to endure the long, arduous, Sisyphean climb out of being continuously triggered into unresolved childhood abandonment pain. (For more on the map, see “Managing the Abandonment Depression” on this website.)

In my ongoing work with PTSD recovery, I repeatedly experience much gratitude toward the many clients who’s authenticity and vulnerability while in flashback help me further illuminate the map; and I am further grateful for how they validate to my inner child that: “Yes it’s true, there really are parents who were so mean and/or so out to lunch, that they installed in us this painful, stubborn syndrome of Complex PTSD”.

Posted in Post-traumatic Stress

Does Parental Alienation Cause PTSD?

Parental Alienation is a form of psychological abuse that causes severe reactions to the targeted parent and the child(ren).  These reactions range from mild to extreme.  Below is a small list of the just some of the signs and symptoms I have seen.

  • Uncontrollable rage and anger
  • Constant Fear
  • Constant anguish
  • Paranoia
  • Avoidance of the aggressor
  • Avoidance of the children
  • Substance abuse of all kinds
  • Inability to think rationally
  • Inability to control their emotions
  • Distancing themselves from everyone around them
  • Putting up walls to protect themselves
  • Flunking school or life
  • Obsessive Compulsive Issues
  • Deviant behavior in the children
  • Hyper vigilance/Burying themselves in school or work
  • Panic attacks
  • Nightmares
  • Over-exaggerated responses to stimuli

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder or PTSD involves extreme responses to traumatic events that a person has either witnessed or been part of.  A person with PTSD can have acute, chronic or delayed onset of the following signs and symptoms.

  • paranoia
  • scared
  • panic attacks
  • uncontrollable crying
  • inability to think clearly, 
  • anger
  • fear
  • hatred
  • rage
  • uncontrollable fight and flight responses
  • reoccurring thoughts or dreams of the event
  • extreme depression
  • exaggerated emotional responses
  • irritability
  • substance abuse
  • insomnia, excessive sleep
  • nightmares
  • heightened attention and reactions
  • inability to concentrate, or finish a task

When you look at these two lists, it is easy to see why PAS is PTSD.  And why we must classify PAS as a form of psychological abuse.–does-parental-alienation-cause-posttraumatic-streee61379ec3

Posted in Alienated children, Alienation, Linda Turner, Parental Alienation PA, Recovery

Linda Turner – Recovery & Empowerment Coach

Posted in Alienated children, Alienation, Parental Alienation PA, Recovery, Self Help

They were grateful for what they have

They were grateful for what they have

One of the most important things in life that successful people identified early on, was the necessity to be grateful for what they have. Rather than focusing on what they didn’t have, they shifted their thinking to one that involved the rock-solid foundation of gratitude.

When you’re thankful for what you have, some incredible things begin happening in your life. The truth? It shifts your focus on a subconscious level. You go from incessantly complaining in your mind, to being truly grateful and happy for even the littlest things. You see, we never quite realize what we have until it’s taken away.

In the morning, write out a list of everything that you have to be grateful for. Even if you’re just 6 feet above ground, be grateful for it. Stop obsessing over what you don’t have, and begin focusing on what you do have and watch as your life transforms before your very eyes over time.


“Think of five things you’re grateful for”


Posted in Alienation, Recovery, Self Help

What Part of the Brain Controls Emotions? Fear, Happiness, Anger

Where do emotions come from?

The limbic system is a group of interconnected structures located deep within the brain. It’s the part of the brain that’s responsible for behavioral and emotional responses.

Scientists haven’t reached an agreement about the full list of structures that make up the limbic system, but the following structures are generally accepted as part of the group:

  • Hypothalamus. In addition to controlling emotional responses, the hypothalamus is also involved in sexual responses, hormone release, and regulating body temperature.
  • Hippocampus. The hippocampus helps preserve and retrieve memories. It also plays a role in how you understand the spatial dimensions of your environment.
  • Amygdala. The amygdala helps coordinate responses to things in your environment, especially those that trigger an emotional response. This structure plays an important role in fear and anger.
  • Limbic cortex. This part contains two structures, the cingulate gyrus and the parahippocampal gyrus. Together, they impact mood, motivation, and judgement.

Continue reading “What Part of the Brain Controls Emotions? Fear, Happiness, Anger”

Posted in Alienation, Recovery, Retreats, Self Help

Powerful, Positive Change

When we try to break a habit or make a change in our lives, we all make the same mistake. Do you often wonder why you can never stick to the diet for long? Or why you can’t seem to stop the negative thinking for good? It is not your fault.

Stop focusing on changing your behavior and discover what you should be focusing on instead for powerful, positive change that lasts.

Posted in Alienation, Recovery, Retreats, Self Help

Yin and Yang

In Daoist philosophy, dark and light, yin and yang, arrive in the Tao Te Ching at chapter 42.[23]  It becomes sensible from an initial quiescence or emptiness (wuji, sometimes symbolized by an empty circle), and continues moving until quiescence is reached again. For instance, dropping a stone in a calm pool of water will simultaneously raise waves and lower troughs between them, and this alternation of high and low points in the water will radiate outward until the movement dissipates and the pool is calm once more. Yin and yang thus are always opposite and equal qualities. Further, whenever one quality reaches its peak, it will naturally begin to transform into the opposite quality: for example, grain that reaches its full height in summer (fully yang) will produce seeds and die back in winter (fully yin) in an endless cycle.

It is impossible to talk about yin or yang without some reference to the opposite, since yin and yang are bound together as parts of a mutual whole (for example, there cannot be the bottom of the foot without the top). A way to illustrate this idea is[citation needed] to postulate the notion of a race with only women or only men; this race would disappear in a single generation. Yet, women and men together create new generations that allow the race they mutually create (and mutually come from) to survive. The interaction of the two gives birth to things, like manhood.[24] Yin and yang transform each other: like an undertow in the ocean, every advance is complemented by a retreat, and every rise transforms into a fall. Thus, a seed will sprout from the earth and grow upwards towards the sky—an intrinsically yang movement. Then, when it reaches its full potential height, it will fall. Also, the growth of the top seeks light, while roots grow in darkness.

Certain catchphrases have been used to express yin and yang complementarity:[25]

  • The bigger the front, the bigger the back.
  • Illness is the doorway to health.
  • Tragedy turns to comedy.
  • Disasters turn out to be blessings.