Anabolic steroid users are more likely than nonusers to report anxiety.34,86 Moderate to high doses of anabolic steroids are also associated with major mood disorders such as mania, hypomania,87and major depression.86,87 In one study, manic symptoms were not uniform across individuals, with most showing little psychological change, whereas a few demonstrated prominent effects.19
Source: How does anabolic steroid misuse affect behavior? via @NIDAnews
Many of the side effects of steroids can be seen from someone’s outward appearance changes or through their behaviors. Some long-term effects of abuse cannot be observed. Although steroid use does not trigger the same intense, immediate response in the brain as another substance like cocaine, it can create changes to the brain over time. These changes can impact the production and supply of certain chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters.
These changes in the brain can lead to changes in mood and behavior in the person. In the long-term, anabolic steroid abuse can cause:
- Anger and aggression (“roid rage”).
- Heart attack.
- Kidney failure.
- Tumors in the liver.
- Blood-borne diseases from injection use.
There is a link between use of anabolic-androgenic steroids and reduced mental health later in life. This is the main conclusion of a new study on elite male strength athletes that researchers from the University of Gothenburg recently published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. Twenty per cent of the subjects in the study admitted steroid use.
Continue reading “Anabolic steroids may affect future mental health — ScienceDaily”
Misuse of anabolic steroids might lead to negative mental effects, such as:
- paranoid (extreme, unreasonable) jealousy
- extreme irritability and aggression (“roid rage”)
- delusions—false beliefs or ideas
- impaired judgment
What are anabolic steroids? Anabolic steroids are synthetic, or human-made, variations of the male sex hormone testosterone. The proper term for these compounds is anabolic-androgenic steroids. ‘Anabolic’ refers to muscle building, and ‘androgenic’ refers to increased male sex characteristics. Some common names for anabolic steroids are Gear, Juice, Roids, and Stackers.
People who misuse anabolic steroids usually take them orally, inject them into muscles, or apply them to the skin as a gel or cream. These doses may be 10 to 100 times higher than doses prescribed to treat medical conditions.
Commons patterns for misusing steroids include:
- cycling—taking multiple doses for a period of time, stopping for a time, and then restarting
- stacking—combining two or more different steroids and mixing oral and/or injectable types
- pyramiding—slowly increasing the dose or frequency of steroid misuse, reaching a peak amount, and then gradually tapering off to zero
- plateauing—alternating, overlapping, or substituting with another steroid to avoid developing a tolerance
There is no scientific evidence that any of these practices reduce the harmful medical consequences of these drugs.
Source: Anabolic Steroids via @NIDAnews