Post-traumatic Stress Category

C-PTSD

How do traumatically abused and abandoned children develop Complex post traumatic stress disorder? While the origin of Complex post traumatic stress disorder is most often associated with physical and/or sexual abuse in childhood over extended periods of time. Research shows that ongoing verbal and emotional abuse also causes it. Children who are made to feel […]

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The Hyperarousal Continuum: ‘Fight or Flight’ Responses

Hippocampus: Another key system linked with the RAS and playing a central role in the fear response is the hippocampus, located at the interface between the cortex and the lower diencephalic areas. It plays a major role in memory and learning. In addition it plays a key role in various activities of the autonomic nervous […]

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The Child’s Response to Threat

When the child perceives threat (e.g., anticipating an assault on self or loved one), theirbrain will orchestrate a total-body mobilization to adapt to the challenge. Their emotional,behavioral, cognitive, social and physiological functioning will change. These responses to threat are heterogeneous and graded. The degree and nature of a specific response will vary from individual to […]

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Post‐traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Post‐traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can occur following a traumatic event. It is characterised by symptoms of re‐experiencing the trauma (in the form of nightmares, flashbacks and distressing thoughts), avoiding reminders of the traumatic event, negative alterations in thoughts and mood, and symptoms of hyper‐arousal (feeling on edge, being easily startled, feeling angry, having difficulties sleeping, […]

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Psychological therapies for chronic post‐traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults

Randomised controlled trials of individual trauma‐focused cognitive behavioural therapy (TFCBT), eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR), non‐trauma‐focused CBT (non‐TFCBT), other therapies (supportive therapy, non‐directive counselling, psychodynamic therapy and present‐centred therapy), group TFCBT, or group non‐TFCBT, compared to one another or to a waitlist or usual care group for the treatment of chronic PTSD. The primary […]

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Evolving values

Personality means “the evolving values, beliefs, traits, reflexes, talents, and limitations that make every person unique.”

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WHAT IS EMDR?

EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) is a psychotherapy that enables people to heal from the symptoms and emotional distress that are the result of disturbing life experiences.  Repeated studies show that by using EMDR therapy people can experience the benefits of psychotherapy that once took years to make a difference. It is widely assumed […]

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The Inner World of Trauma

Donald opened with a poem by Emily Dickinson There is a pain – so utter – It swallows substance up – Then covers the Abyss with Trance – So Memory can step Around – across – upon it – As one within a Swoon – Goes safely – where an open eye – Would drop […]

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Pete Walker – Why do you specialize in Complex PTSD?

There’s an old adage: “Teach what you know.” I know about trauma because I survived childhood in the war zone of a severely dysfunctional family in NYC in the 1950’s. The frontline was definitely in my house, but there were many traumatizing skirmishes on the streets and in the Catholic school where I was held […]

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