What Is a Psychotic Disorder?

Psychotic disorders are a group of serious illnesses that affect the mind. They make it hard for someone to think clearly, make good judgments, respond emotionally, communicate effectively, understand reality, and behave appropriately.

When symptoms are severe, people with psychotic disorders have trouble staying in touch with reality and often are unable to handle daily life. But even severe psychotic disorders usually can be treated.

Types

There are different types of psychotic disorders, including:

Schizophrenia: People with this illness have changes in behavior and other symptoms — such as delusions and hallucinations — that last longer than 6 months. It usually affects them at work or school, as well as their relationships. Know the early warning signs of schizophrenia.

Schizoaffective disorder: People have symptoms of both schizophrenia and a mood disorder, such as depression or bipolar disorder. Learn more about the symptoms of schizoaffective disorder.

Schizophreniform disorder: This includes symptoms of schizophrenia, but the symptoms last for a shorter time: between 1 and 6 months. Find out more on schizophreniform disorder symptoms to look for.

Brief psychotic disorder: People with this illness have a sudden, short period of psychotic behavior, often in response to a very stressful event, such as a death in the family. Recovery is often quick — usually less than a month. Get more information about the different forms of brief psychotic disorder.

Delusional disorder  The key symptom is having a delusion (a false, fixed belief) involving a real-life situation that could be true but isn’t, such as being followed, being plotted against, or having a disease. The delusion lasts for at least 1 month. Read more on the types of delusions.

Shared psychotic disorder (also called folie à deux): This illness happens when one person in a relationship has a delusion and the other person in the relationship adopts it, too. Learn more about shared psychotic disorder and how it develops.

Substance-induced psychotic disorder: This condition is caused by the use of or withdrawal from drugs, such as hallucinogens and crack cocaine, that cause hallucinations, delusions, or confused speech. Find out more on substance-induced psychosis and other causes of secondary psychosis.

Psychotic disorder due to another medical condition: Hallucinations, delusions, or other symptoms may happen because of another illness that affects brain function, such as a head injury or brain tumor.

Paraphrenia: This condition has symptoms similar to schizophrenia. It starts late in life, when people are elderly.

https://www.webmd.com/schizophrenia/guide/mental-health-psychotic-disorders

The Big 5

The five factor model of personality has significant relationships with the dark triad combined and with each of the dark triad’s traits. The dark triad overall is negatively related to both agreeableness and conscientiousness.[22] More specifically, Machiavellianism captures a suspicious versus trusting view of human nature which is also captured by the Trust sub-scale on the agreeableness trait.[95] Extroversion captures similar aspects of assertiveness, dominance, and self-importance as narcissism.[95] Narcissism also is positively related to the achievement striving and competence aspects of Conscientiousness. Psychopathy has the strongest correlations with low dutifulness and deliberation aspects of Conscientiousness.[22]

Honesty-humility

Dark tetrad

Vulnerable dark triad

Malignant narcissism

Light triad

Sadistic abuse – EMPTY MEMORIES

This review proposes the term “sadistic abuse” to describe severe abuse, often occurring in childhood, that may include torture, confinement, extreme threat and domination, over- lapping physical and sexual abuse, and multiple victim or multiple perpetrator patterns of abuse.

Sadistic abuse – |||| EMPTY MEMORIES |||

Psychopathy and sadism are related, but distinct constructs.

This meta-analysis examined the association between psychopathic personality traits as assessed by the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 1991), and sadism. The PCL-R yields a total score as well as two factor scores. Factor 1encompasses the interpersonal/affective components of psychopathy such as glibness, and callousness. Factor 2 captures the antisocial behavior aspects of psychopathy including impulsivity, and poor planning abilities. The meta-analysis included 19 independent adult, male forensic samples from 16 articles that included a total of 5161 participants. The average r across all studies for PCL-R total score and sadism was 0.24 (p < .001). Both PCL-R Factor 1 (r = 0.25, p < .01) and PCL-R Factor 2 (r = 0.26, p < .01), yielded similar correlations with sadism. Sadism measurement method and type of sadism assessed did not significantly moderate the association between psychopathy and sadism. However, there was low power in the moderator analyses. These results support previous research that found both the interpersonal/affective component of psychopathy and the antisocial behavior component of psychopathy are associated with sadism.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1359178918301319

Sadists and psychopaths

Someone who gets pleasure from hurting or humiliating others is a sadist. Sadists feel other people’s pain more than is normal. And they enjoy it. At least, they do until it is over, when they may feel bad

The popular imagination associates sadism with torturers and murderers. Yet there is also the less extreme, but more widespread, phenomenon of everyday sadism.

Everyday sadists get pleasure from hurting others or watching their suffering. They are likely to enjoy gory films, find fights exciting and torture interesting. They are rare, but not rare enough. Around 6% of undergraduate students admit getting pleasure from hurting others.

https://theconversation.com/from-psychopaths-to-everyday-sadists-why-do-humans-harm-the-harmless-144017

Psychopathy and sexual sadism

Psychopathic personality disorder and sexual sadism share several common characteristics, such as emotional detachment from the suffering of others or the preparedness to inflict pain or injuries. Based on a sample of 100 male forensic patients (all of them sex offenders, half of them sadistic), the concept of psychopathy and sexual sadism as a unified construct was tested empirically. Pooling indicator variables for psychopathic and sexually sadistic disorders showed that a two-factorial solution yielded a better fit than a single-factor model. The two factors identified psychopathy and sexual sadism as separate latent variables. More specifically, the data were compatible with a path model in which affective deficits and behavioral disinhibition of the psychopathy domain are precursors to sexually sadistic conduct.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/20393872/

Parental Alienator Behaviours

Not a full comprehensive list, I am sure many of you could add many more!!

  • Pathological lying
  • Projection, accusing you of what they are doing
  • Dishonesty, stealing, cheating etc
  • Collecting official letterheads to create fake documents for court hearings
  • Self employed providing fake account’s for court hearings
  • Changing court hearings, using delaying tactics
  • Totally ignoring court orders for access to your children
  • Falsifying documents for courts and to flout in front of friends and family
  • Using other people to carry out criminal damage to your property
  • Non payment of child maintenance
  • Non payment of Tax, VAT and National Insurance
  • Claiming benefits illegally – benefit fraud
  • Claiming benefits whilst still working
  • Financial abuse, building up arrears on mortgage and other bills and debts.
  • Taking your personal possessions and giving them away
  • Hiding the children’s things and accusing you of stealing
  • Damaging items and accusing you.
  • Stealing your household items furniture, clothing etc.
  • Withholding your car keys, passports and other personal documents
  • Criminal damage to personal property, car, house and garden
  • Graffiti on your car and property
  • Making fake statements, complaints, phone calls to your place of work, the police, social services etc.
  • Internet bullying online abuse through fake social media profiles
  • Setting up fake FB accounts in your name
  • Using your name fraudulently to claim benefits
  • Distributing pornographic material and saying its photos of you!
  • Sending family and friends funeral wreaths, pornographic material and any other offensive material.
  • Telling schools, the police, social services and other officials that you have a mental illness.
  • Destroying all family photographs
  • Destroying any gifts, cards or presents you send
  • Destroying official papers, birth certificates, marriage certificates, driving licence etc
  • Removing gift tags and claiming any gifts or presents you send as their own
  • Befriending all your friends, especially of the opposite sex, flattering them, then claim you never liked them.
  • Paying bribing friends to go to court and give fake evidence about you
  • Using blackmail to try and extort money from you
  • Trying to turn all your family against you
  • Making covert contact with long lost relatives and spreading falsehoods about you.
  • Laughing and mocking in from of the children when someone from your side of the family passes away.
  • Trying to get parents to change their wills in their favour
  • Falling out with their own family over wills.
  • Running up debts and committing fraud in your name
  • Threatening you with a weapon
  • Putting drugs and poison into your food and drinks
  • Cruelty to your pets
  • Last but not least brainwashing your children to believe you don’t love them.
  •  

 

Narcissist Becomes Psychotic

THE CONCEPT OF NARCISSISM IN PSYCHOSIS AND IN SEVERE PERSONALITY DISORDERS

The concept of narcissism has a certain connotation in psychiatry and a slightly different one in psychoanalysis. This is similar to the concept’s evolution, over the years, undergoing major changes, defining varied psychodynamic or psychological realities. Therefore, this paper proposes a multi-faceted perspective on the concept of narcissism, from the perspective of multiple psychoanalyst authors belonging to various currents /orientations. The overall objective is to demonstrate that: narcissism involves a particular way of mental functioning, having roots in childhood and in early relational models, but that, in time, a particular type of functioning determines a structure of some kind (of organizing the personality), which can be correspondent to the wide array of enhanced features or to a severe psychiatric diagnosis.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/334453178_THE_CONCEPT_OF_NARCISSISM_IN_PSYCHOSIS_AND_IN_SEVERE_PERSONALITY_DISORDERS

Contribution to the Metapsychology of Psychotic Identifications – Edith Jacobson, 1954

Source: Contribution to the Metapsychology of Psychotic Identifications – Edith Jacobson, 1954