Posted in Alienation, Pathogenic Parenting

Secondary Instruments:

IPV Spousal Abuse (Duluth Model) & Child Custody

This instrument collects information on areas of IPV spousal abuse concern identified by the Duluth model for IPV (Intimate Partner Violence; “domestic violence).

The Parent-Child Relationship Rating Scale

This instrument is an outcome measure collected-reported daily for the child across three primary areas of functioning, 1) Affection (Aff; attachment networks), Cooperation (Co; emotional regulation), and Social Involvement (SI; arousal and mood). The second form is a modification adding Texting as an item.

Assessment Checklist for Pathogenic Parenting

This checklist identifies constructs from attachment, family systems therapy, complex trauma, and personality disorder pathology indicating pathogenic parenting by the allied parent.

Roberts Apperception Test for Children: 2

If clinically relevant information is needed about the child’s emotional status, then I would recommend using the RATC: 2 for that information.

I don’t know why this information would be necessary, and this instrument is therefore not part of my standard assessment protocol recommendation.  However, if information about the emotional functioning of the child is needed, I would recommend use of the Roberts Apperception Test for Children to obtain this information.

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Posted in Alienation, Pathogenic Parenting

The measurement of pathogenic parental style and its relevance to psychiatric disorder

The proposition that research should be directed more toward assessing qualitative aspects of parent-child relationships is addressed, and the paper summarises aspects of a number of co-ordinated studies (Parker 1983a). The development and properties of the Parental Bonding Instrument are described and its application in studies of patients with designated psychiatric disorders considered. The measure delineates a parental style of ‘affectionless control’ (involving insufficient care and overprotection), which appears to be a risk factor to neurotic disorder in particular, and the possible nature of the risk factor is discussed. Continue reading “The measurement of pathogenic parental style and its relevance to psychiatric disorder”

Posted in Alienation, Child abuse, Child Maltreatment, Pathogenic Parenting

Childhood sexual abuse and pathogenic parenting

From the Missouri Alcoholism Research Center at Washington University, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri Alcoholism Research Center at the University of Missouri, Department of Psychology, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO and Finch University of Health Sciences}The Chicago Medical School, North Chicago, IL, USA ; and Queensland Institute of Medical Research and Joint Genetics Program, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia


Background. We examined the relationship between childhood sexual abuse (CSA), and interviewees’ recollections of pathogenic parenting, testing for possible retrospective biases in the recollections of those who have experienced CSA.

Methods. Information about CSA, parental divorce and interviewees’ recollections of parental rejection, parental overprotection and perceived autonomy (as assessed through a shortened version of the Parental Bonding Instrument) was obtained through telephone interviews with 3626 Australian twins who had also returned self-report questionnaires several years earlier. Recollections of parental behaviours were compared for individuals from pairs in which neither twin, at least one twin, or both twins reported CSA.

Results. Significant associations were noted between CSA and paternal alcoholism and between CSA and recollections of parental rejection. For women, individuals from CSA-discordant pairs reported levels of parental rejection that were significantly higher than those obtained from CSAnegative pairs. The levels of parental rejection observed for twins from CSA-discordant pairs did not differ significantly from those obtained from CSA-concordant pairs, regardless of respondent’s abuse status. For men from CSA-discordant pairs, respondents reporting CSA displayed a tendency to report higher levels of parental rejection than did respondents not reporting CSA. Other measures of parenting behaviour (perceived autonomy and parental overprotection) failed to show a clear relationship with CSA.

Conclusions. The relationship between CSA and respondents’ recollections of parental rejection is not due solely to retrospective bias on the part of abused individuals and, consistent with other studies, may reflect a pathological family environment with serious consequences for all siblings Continue reading “Childhood sexual abuse and pathogenic parenting”

Posted in Alienated children, Alienation, Child abuse, Child Maltreatment, Pathogenic Parenting

Pathogenic Parenting

So Pathogenic Parenting describes parenting that is so abnormal or pathological, that by way of their aberrant and distorted behaviors and parenting practices, the Pathogenic Parent actually creates mental illness in a child that actually cause the child to terminate or cut off their relationship with the other parent … Continue reading “Pathogenic Parenting”

Posted in Alienated children, Alienation, Parental Alienation PA, Pathogenic Parenting, PERSONALITY DISORDERS

Parental Alienation Processes Pathogenic Parenting – Concern Scale

Recommendation: Protection of the child is of paramount concern.The immediate removal of the child from the pathogenic parenting and placement of the child with the “normal Range” parent, in kinship care with the family of the “normal Range”parent, or in foster care, should be seriously considered relative to the initial phases of the child’s therapy and recovery. Mandated individual therapy for the pathogenic parent as a required component of re integration therapy for the child with the pathogenic parent should receive serious consideration.



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Posted in Alienated children, Alienation, Brainwashing - Mind Control, Child abuse, Child Maltreatment, Child Protection, Parental Alienation PA, Pathogenic Parenting, Psychological manipulation

The ten types of abuse

There are many different types of abuse and they all result in behaviour towards a person that deliberately or intentionally cause harm.

It is a violation of an individual’s human and civil rights and in the worst cases can result in death.

A short video which highlights the different types of abuse from the Ann Craft Trust is available by clicking HERE. 

Information on the ten types of abuse:

Use the links below to navigate to information on the ten types of abuse:

Continue reading “The ten types of abuse”

Posted in Alienated children, Alienation, Child abuse, Child Maltreatment, Children's Rights, Parental Alienation PA, Pathogenic Parenting, Psychological manipulation

How A Parent’s Inappropriate Emotional Behavior Could Be Hurting You

Emotional incest is a dysfunctional emotional intimacy between a parent and their offspring. Another term for it is “surrogate spouse syndrome.”

Unnatural intimacy would include:

  • Confiding in a child about relationship problems they are having with a spouse or partner.
  • Talking about emotional problems, or their sex life, or other adult subjects with a child.
  • Turning a daughter into a surrogate wife and mother when becoming a single parent.
  • Turning a son into a surrogate husband and father or “man of the house” when becoming a single parent.
  • Leaning too heavily on an adult child when they have other options.
  • Avoiding other relationships with other adults who are peers while treating child like a peer.

This is not to say that a child should not take on additional responsibilities when times are difficult. Children can sense when parents are struggling, and it can improve their self esteem and self reliance to help their families when there is a need.

Continue reading “How A Parent’s Inappropriate Emotional Behavior Could Be Hurting You”

Posted in Alienated children, Alienation, Child abuse, Child Maltreatment, Emotional Incest, Hostile Aggressive Parenting, Parental Alienation PA, Pathogenic Parenting, Psychological manipulation

How to Identify a Child Who Is Being Emotionally Abused

Mandated reporters are persons who encounter the child as part of their occupation, including child daycare providers, educators, legal and law enforcement personnel, and medical personnel. These reporters have just as much of an obligation to report suspected emotional abuse as they do physical or sexual abuse or neglect—it should be taken just as seriously. Emotional abuse may be difficult to identify because it often takes place in the confines of a child’s home.

A child’s behavior can indicate if there’s a problem at home. Inappropriate behavior that is either very immature or a little bit too mature for the child’s age can indicate abuse, as well a dramatic behavioral change. For example, a child who was formerly slightly aloof or didn’t seek attention might all of a sudden become clingy to non-abusive adults or compulsively seek affection from them.

Here are some potential warning signs of emotional abuse:

  • Desperately seeks affection from other adults
  • Decline in school performance
  • Developmental regression (like bedwetting or soiling after previously mastering bladder and bowel control)
  • Frequent complaints of headaches, stomachaches, or other somatic issues with no known cause
  • Loss of interest in social activities or other interests
  • Delayed emotional development
  • Depression
  • Attempts to avoid certain situations, such as going to an activity or another person’s house
  • Desire to hurt himself or other people on purpose
  • Anxiety
  • Low self-esteem

Continue reading “How to Identify a Child Who Is Being Emotionally Abused”

Posted in Alienated children, Alienation, Child abuse, Child Maltreatment, Child Protection, Coercive Control, Parental Alienation PA, Pathogenic Parenting, PERSONALITY DISORDERS, Psychological manipulation

Parental Alienation (Syndrome)-A serious form of psychological child abuse

Induced parental alienation is a specific form of psychological child abuse, which is listed in DSM-5, the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association (APA), under diagnostic code V 995.51 “child psychological
abuse”. Untreated induced parental alienation can lead to long-term traumatic psychological and physical effects in the children concerned. This fact is still not given sufficient attention in family court cases. The article gives a condensed
overview of parental alienation, summarising its definition, the symptoms and the various levels of severity. It also describes some major alienation techniques and possible psychosomatic and psychiatric effects of induced parental alienation. Finally,
attention is drawn to programmes of prevention and intervention now used and evaluated in some countries. The article concludes with two real-life examples from psychiatric practice, and a comprehensive list of international references

Wilfrid von Boch-Galhau*
Oberer Dallenbergweg 15, 97082, Würzburg, Deutschland, Germany Continue reading “Parental Alienation (Syndrome)-A serious form of psychological child abuse”

Posted in Alienation, Parental Alienation, Pathogenic Parenting

‘My in-laws are toxic and my children are suffering’

“It will poison their relationship”

The internet were quick to speak out for the children, caught in the middle of this horrible situation.

“Your kids are old enough that they’ll have a say in whatever custody arrangements get finalised in your divorce, and what you’ve described here sounds like emotional abuse AND parental alienation, which judges don’t really like,” replied one person, suggesting the dad look at spending time with his children away from his family.

They also added, “If your kids have to be mistreated to see their Dad, it will poison their relationship with him no matter how great a parent he is individually.” Continue reading “‘My in-laws are toxic and my children are suffering’”