Children of mothers with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) are a disadvantaged group of children that are at risk for future psychopathology. Crandell et al. (1997) demonstrated that, for these children, attachment status is not completely stable.
Some children are able to resolve early traumatic experiences and are able to obtain an ‘earned secure’ attachment status in adulthood. Adults with an earned secure status function comparably to adults who had secure attachment status as children (Crandell et al, 1997). These findings hold great promises for the prognosis of children of mothers with BPD. With adequate attention and intervention, there is hope that children of mothers with BPD will overcome the risks associated with this maternal psychopathology.
Have Your Parents Put You at Risk for Psychopathology
Here are some key points about borderline personality disorder. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.
- People with BPD have problems regulating thoughts, emotions and self-image, can be impulsive and reckless, and often have unstable relationships with other people.
- Most cases of BPD begin in the early stages of adulthood, seem to be worse in young adulthood, but may get better with age.
- Experts do not yet know what causes BPD.
- Genetics, environmental factors and brain abnormalities are thought to play a role in the development of BPD.
- About 85% of people with BPD also meet diagnostic criteria for another mental illness, such and often suffer fromdepression, anxiety disorders, substance abuse, and eating disorders, along with self-harm, suicidal behaviors, and completed suicides.
- BPD and schizophrenia often co-exist, but the two are distinct conditions.
- A person can be diagnosed with BPD if they display at least five of nine recognized symptoms.
- Symptoms of BPD can be triggered by situations others find untroubling.
- As many as 80% of people with BPD go on to develop suicidal behavior, and 4-9% go on to commit suicide.
- BPD is commonly treated with psychotherapy, aided with medication and, occasionally, hospitalization.
- There is no cure for BPD, but symptoms can improve over time and many people with BPD find ways to manage their condition successfully to lead satisfying lives.