Posted in Alienation, Drug Abuse, PERSONALITY DISORDERS

NACOA (National Association for Children of Alcoholics)

NACOA (National Association for Children of Alcoholics)
Helpline: 0800 358 3456
Email: helpline@nacoa.org.uk
Website: www.nacoa.org.uk

Information, advice and support for anyone affected by their parent’s drinking. Continue reading “NACOA (National Association for Children of Alcoholics)”

Posted in Alienation, Child abuse, Child Maltreatment, Drug Abuse, Parental Alienation PA

COAP (Children of Addicted Parents and People)

COAP (Children of Addicted Parents and People)
Website: www.coap.org.uk

Online community for young people affected by someone else’s addiction to drugs, alcohol or addictive behaviour such as gambling. Continue reading “COAP (Children of Addicted Parents and People)”

Posted in Alienated children, Alienation, Child abuse, Child Maltreatment, Drug Abuse

When Your Grandchild’s Parent Is Addicted

It’s universally understood that parents who abuse drugs or alcohol are not fully capable of taking care of their children. Addiction is a disease that hijacks the brain- when a parent’s mind is focused on chasing the next high, it leaves little room for them to put food on the table, pay the next rent check or read a bedtime story.

As more families are ravaged by addiction, grandparents are stepping up to the plate. It’s becoming increasingly common for grandparents to play the role of primary caregiver to their grandchildren as their parents struggle with substance addiction. According to Generations United, approximately 2.6 million children in the United States are being raised by their grandparents.

With so many grandparents taking on the new-found responsibility of raising a grandchild, how can they come to terms with their child’s addiction and successfully support a grandchild broken by their parent’s addiction?

Accept That Addiction Is Not You Or Your Grandchild’s Fault

Continue reading “When Your Grandchild’s Parent Is Addicted”

Posted in Alienated children, Alienation, Child abuse, Drug Abuse, Parental Alienation PA

Does Drug Abuse Constitute Child Abuse?

Grandparents who love their grandchildren think that they deserve parents who do not misuse drugs or alcohol, and this is true. All children deserve parents who are fully there for them. Parents are not perfect, though, and can struggle with a variety of issues. Unless a child is being injured or neglected, a parent’s substance use disorder is unlikely to qualify as child abuse. This is especially likely to be true when there is another parent in the family who ensures that children get appropriate care or when a parent’s drug misuse does not occur when he or she is in charge of the children.

That said, studies do show that a parent with a substance use disorder is three times more likely to physically or sexually abuse their child than a parent who does not misuse drugs. Continue reading “Does Drug Abuse Constitute Child Abuse?”

Posted in Drug Abuse

Psychiatric symptoms and expression of glucocorticoid receptor gene in cocaine users

Background

Chronic cocaine users (CU) display reduced peripheral expression of the glucocorticoid receptor gene (NR3C1), which is potentially involved in stress-related psychiatric symptoms frequently occurring in CU. However, it is unknown whether psychiatric symptoms and lower NR3C1 expression are related to each other and whether reduction of drug consumption reverse them.

Method

At baseline, NR3C1 mRNA expression was measured in 68 recreational CU, 30 dependent CU, and 68 stimulant-naïve controls. Additionally, the Revised Symptom Checklist (SCL-90R) and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) were assessed. At a one-year follow-up, the association between change in NR3C1 expression and psychiatric symptoms was examined in 48 stimulant-naïve controls, 19 CU who increased and 19 CU who decreased their consumption. At both test sessions, cocaine concentrations in hair samples were determined. Mixed-effects models were used to investigate how changes in drug use intensity affect severity of psychiatric symptoms and NR3C1 expression over time.

Results

At baseline, recreational and dependent CU displayed elevated impulsivity and considerable symptom burden across most of the SCL-90R subscales. Time-group interaction effects were found for several impulsivity scores, SCL-90R Global Severity IndexParanoid Thoughts, and Depression subscales as well as for NR3C1 expression. Pairwise comparisons showed that decreasing CU specifically improved in these SCL-90R subscales, while their NR3C1 expression was adapted. Finally, changes in NR3C1 expression were negatively correlated with changes in impulsivity but not SCL-90R scores.

Conclusion

Our findings suggest that NR3C1 expression changes and some psychiatric symptoms are reversible upon reduction of cocaine intake, thus favouring abstinence-oriented treatment approaches.

Continue reading “Psychiatric symptoms and expression of glucocorticoid receptor gene in cocaine users”

Posted in Alienated children, Alienation, Child abuse, Drug Abuse, Parental Alienation PA

Drug use in the family

International household surveys and other population estimates suggest
that approximately 10 per cent of children live in households where there is parental alcohol abuse or dependence and/or substance dependence.
International research indicates that parental substance misuse is a key
feature of families identified by child and protective services. Although figures vary considerably, it is notable that most studies suggest that at least half of families identified by child and protective services have a profile that includes 
 parental substance misuse.
Based on the number of children aged 12 years or less living in Australia (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2004), we estimate that 13.2 percent or 231 705 children are at riskof exposure to binge drinking in the household by at least one adult.
Another 2.3 per cent or 40 372 live in a household containing at least one daily cannabis user. Finally, 0.8 percent or 14 042 live in a household
with an adult who uses methamphetamine at least monthly and reports
doing so in their home.

Continue reading “Drug use in the family”

Posted in Drug Abuse

Drug Abuse

My website is 5 years old today. Using the lock down to sort out some old posts and re categorize some posts. Some are a little out of date but still relevant today. Click on the links to view the posts.

Grandparents sharing drugs with grandchildren

What are recreational drugs? | The BMJ

Epilepsy in Young People – Alcohol, smoking, recreational drugs and epilepsy

Depression and low mood (young people) – Alcohol, recreational drugs and depression

Monster grandfather, 71, who plied his grandchildren with drugs and alcohol

Parents who use drugs | Best Beginnings

Parental Alienators who encourage teenagers to take drugs

Alienating Parents who use drugs

Forced Treatment: Children Given Psychotropic Drugs in Foster Homes | Psych Central Professional

Narcissistic personality disorder Treatments and drugs

Sex and Drugs and Raves

Prenatal exposure to drugs: effects on brain development and implications for policy and education

Date Rape & Drink Spiking Accusations

Parenting adult children who abuse substances, the law, or their families.

When to Set Boundaries with grandparents

Interactions of anabolic steroids and intoxicants | Dopinglinkki

DrugFacts: Anabolic Steroids | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Mixing Steroids and Cocaine: What Are the Risks?

Emotionally unstable personality disorder (EUPD) – Mind

Exploitation by a Narcissist

Female Sociopaths – Venus the dark side

Causes of psychosis

Centre for Suicide Research — Department of Psychiatry

How does anabolic steroid misuse affect behavior? 

Brain Imaging Study IDs 3 Types of Depression

5 Things Parents Do That May Encourage Teen Substance Abuse | HuffPost

Parents: Are You Unknowingly Encouraging Substance Abuse?

Reintegration Therapy of child with father – A cruel scam

Survivors of narcissistic parents

Illegal amphetamines can devastate the heart

#NaturalBornLiars

Posted in Dark Triad, Drug Abuse, PERSONALITY DISORDERS

Addiction and the Dark Triad of Personality

In this article, we review associations between the Dark Triad of personality (narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy) and addictive behaviors, both substance-related and non-substance-related. We summarize evidence from personality and clinical research and integrate it with prevailing models of addiction. Specifically, we discuss addictive behavior in the light of affect regulation, which is likely more relevant in narcissism, as well as inhibitory deficits, a putative mechanism in psychopathy. These mechanisms can be related to central motives of the respective personality constructs, such as stabilization of self-esteem in narcissism and impulsive stimulation seeking in psychopathy. We conclude that different mechanisms might lead to similar observable behavior in narcissism and psychopathy at earlier stages of the addiction cycle, but psychopathic disinhibition might be particularly relevant at later stages. This underpins the importance of considering personality factors for the understanding and treatment of addiction. Continue reading “Addiction and the Dark Triad of Personality”

Posted in Drug Abuse, PERSONALITY DISORDERS, Psychopath, PSYCHOPATHIC TRAITS

Psychopathy and substance abuse

Substance abuse has been shown in the past to be associated with alterations in dopamine responses. Psychopathy is strongly associated with substance abuse. “Our hypothesis was that psychopathic traits are also linked to dysfunction in dopamine reward circuitry,” Buckholtz said Continue reading “Psychopathy and substance abuse”

Posted in Coercive Control, Drug Abuse

Psychological Coercion

How Do They Work?

The tactics of psychological coercion often involve anxiety and stress, and fall into seven main categories.

  1. Restrictive techniques such as extended audio, visual, verbal, or tactile fixation, exhaustive, exact repetition of routine activities, sleep restriction, and/or social restriction.
  2. Establishment of control over the victim’s social environment, time, and sources of social support by creating social isolation; removing contact with family and friends who promote self-esteem, independence, positivity, and sense of well-being. Economic controls may contribute.

  3. Rejection of alternate information and separate opinions. Rules exist about permissible topics to discuss. Communication is highly controlled.

  4. Forcing the victim to re-evaluate the most central aspects of his or her experience of self and prior conduct in negative ways. The victim is made to feel like a “bad” person. Efforts are designed to destabilize and undermine the subject’s basic consciousness, reality awareness, world view, emotional control and defense mechanisms. The subject questions, doubts, and reinterprets his or her life and adopts a new “reality.”

  5. Creating a sense of powerlessness by subjecting the victim to intense and frequently confusing, conflicting actions and situations which undermine the victim’s self-confidence and judgment.

  6. Creating strong, aversive, emotional arousals in the subject by reactions such as intense humiliation, loss of privilege, social isolation, social status changes, intense guilt, anxiety, and manipulation.

  7. Intimidation of the victim by implied power, size, voice amplitude, or implied threat. Psychological coercion can be applied to such a degree that the victim’s capacity to make informed or free choices becomes inhibited. The victim becomes unable to make the normal, wise or balanced decisions which they most likely or normally would have made, had they not been manipulated. The cumulative effect of psychological coercion can be an even more effective form of undue influence than pain, torture, drugs or the use of physical force or threats Continue reading “Psychological Coercion”