Main findings of this study
This study adds to the body of evidence demonstrating that there is some intergenerational transmission of parenting characteristics in both mothers and fathers in a UK sample. We found that a higher level of affection by grandmothers is associated with more positive parenting behaviour in fathers (more ‘positive responsiveness’ and more ‘cognitive stimulation’). A higher level of control by grandmothers is associated with lower engagement by mothers. None of grandfathers’ parenting variables are associated with the parenting behaviour of mothers and fathers.