After clients download VPN tools and connect to servers, they become anonymous (to a degree). Escaping the careful eye of your ISP is rough. Luckily, connecting to a VPN server prevents ISPs from tracking your every move. However, there is one thing that they do know: that you use a VPN.
When collecting evidence, police will find the suspected IP address through forensic investigation. Then, they will determine its owner. It is likely that officials will determine that it belongs to a VPN service. Hence, the law enforcement agencies will contact the VPN provider. How events unfold depends on the services’ policies on data-sharing. Since most providers rely on a privacy-first approach, they hand in limited information, with no personally identifiable details. However, cybercriminals have nothing to celebrate.
Police and other law enforcement agencies cooperate with skilled teams of professionals, ready to pinpoint suspects’ locations. This collaboration between officers and IT experts push cybersecurity in the right direction.