Attachment-based parental alienation is a complex and potentially harmful dynamic whereby a parent manipulates their children to avoid, reject, and disdain their other parent. It can be viewed as a symptom of the narcissistic paradigm and is often of clinical concern regarding the child’s healthy development.
PARENTAL ALIENATION CHARACTERIZED
Parental alienation may involve the following symptoms and manifestations:
- The suppression of the normal-range functioning of the child’s attachment system.
- A role-reversal relationship in which the child is being used to meet the emotional and psychological needs of a parent (the allied and favored parent).
- Symptoms of narcissistic and/or borderline personality may also be present in the child and can also of extreme clinical concern for their healthy development.
- Symptoms in the child can only be the product of “pathogenic parenting” practices and cannot emerge spontaneously or for unrelated mental health reasons.