Definition of Greek: “existemi”, 1839 “he lost his senses”

Definition of Greek: “existemi”, 1839 “he lost his senses”

1.   “existemi” literally means, “out of mind” or crazy, “To remove out of a place or state. In the NT applied only to the mind, meaning to be out of one’s mind, beside oneself … to be transported beyond oneself with astonishment, to be amazed, astounded” (Zodhiates, Complete word study dictionary, 1839)

2.   It is exclusively a psychological term in NT that applied exclusively to a state of mind. It is clear that existemi is the primary word that people used to describe mental illness directly corresponding to our English word “crazy” or “nuts”.

3.   Most of the time in the NT the word existemi is used in a metaphoric sense for astonishment, amazement. We commonly use “crazy” in a metaphoric way: “When I saw that my dad bought me a brand new Ford Mustang for my 16th birthday I went crazy!” Likewise the first century church commonly used the word existemi metaphorically: “Then Jesus got into the boat with them, and the wind stopped; and they were utterly astonished [existemi, 1839]” Mark 6:51

4.   [existemi, 1839] with reference to the mind, of that alteration of the normal condition by which the person is thrown into a state of surprise or fear, or both; or again, in which a person is so transported out of his natural state that he falls into a trance” (W.E. Vine)

5.   to throw out of position, displace. 1a to amaze, to astonish, throw into wonderment. 1b to be amazed, astounded. 1c to be out of one’s mind, besides one’s self, insane (Enhanced Strong’s Lexicon, 1839)

6.   “When His (Jesus’) own people heard of this, they went out to take custody of Him; for they were saying, “He has lost His senses. [existemi, 1839] The scribes who came down from Jerusalem were saying, “He is possessed by Beelzebul,” and “He casts out the demons by the ruler of the demons.” Mark 3:21-22

7.   “For if we are mad [existemi, 1839], it is for God; if we are of sound mind, it is for you. ” 2 Corinthians 5:13

8.   “Immediately the girl got up and began to walk, for she was twelve years old. And immediately they were completely astounded [existemi, 1839].” Mark 5:42

9.   “They were amazed [existemi, 1839] and astonished, saying, “Why, are not all these who are speaking Galileans?” Acts 2:7

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