Posted in Alienation


Findings linking overall narcissism scores to each of the TriPM scales (to a dif
ferent extent in different studies; Crego & Widiger, 2014; Sellbom & Phillips,
2013; Stanley et al., 2013) should be interpreted in the context of the TriPM
scales’ differential associations with different narcissism-related constructs,
sample and method variance, and narcissism’s heterogeneity. In our study,
Boldness was linked to entitlement, high self-esteem, and exhibitionism; Dis-
inhibition predicted manipulativeness; and both Disinhibition and Meanness
predicted lack of consideration of others. This parallels Poy’s (2014) nding
that Boldness correlated with low modesty (but also with warmth) and Mean
ness and Disinhibition both correlated with low altruism in undergraduates;
however, Poy found bivariate correlations between low straightforwardness
and all TriPM scales, including Boldness. Our ndings agree with the Stanley

nd colleagues’ nding that Boldness predicted leadership/authority and gran
diose exhibitionism, but not with the nding that Meanness was the unique
contributor to entitlement/exploitativeness and low empathy. In two ostensibly
similar community samples, Crego and Widiger found diverging patterns of
association of the TriPM with indices capturing narcissism, manipulative
ness, and callousness. The consistent nding between their two samples was
that Meanness and Disinhibition contributed to manipulativeness. Sellbom
and colleagues’ samples (undergraduates and female offenders) also yielded
different association patterns, with the consistent result being a link between
Machiavellian egocentricity and Meanness.
In sum, it appears that Boldness is a stronger predictor of overall narcis-
sism in community and offender samples than it is in student samples, that
Meanness and Disinhibition both enable low empathy/lack of concern for
others, and that Disinhibition may facilitate actually engaging in instrumental
lying (see also Drislane et al., 2014, linking Disinhibition to lying, manipula-
tiveness, and exploitativeness). Future research attempting to locate narcissism
vis-à-vis the triarchic model of psychopathy may take into account the possi-
bility of different prevalence rates of distinct narcissism variants that common
self-report questionnaires may not distinguish well. The TriPM may, in fact, be
well suited to help distinguish among high-functioning, fragile, and malignant
narcissistic personality variants (Russ, Shedler, Bradley, & Westen, 2008).
The aggression-related scales of the WAI-SF and SNAP yielded moderate
to strong bivariate correlations with Disinhibition and Meanness; for both
aggression scales, only Meanness remained a moderate to strong predictor after
partialling out Disinhibition. This closely parallels Drislane and colleagues’
(2014) ndings in undergraduates in regard to aggressiveness, although a
broader measure of impulsive antisociality in that study was linked more
strongly to Disinhibition and weakly to Meanness. After comparing these
ndings to work with community and offender samples (Crego & Widiger,
2014; Stanley et al., 2013), it appears that Disinhibition may enable overall
antisocial/criminal behavior but that it may not be sufcient and may require
Meanness to result in aggression. Future research may benet from detailed
antisocial conduct assessment, laboratory measures of aggression, or behav-
ioral records or observations.


Currently studying Psychotherapy , Cognitive psychology, Hypnotherapy. Qualified NLP practitioner and CBT therapist. REIKI Master. I believe in truth, honesty and integrity! ≧◔◡◔≦

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