Understanding Histrionic Personality Disorder
HPD is one of 10 personality disorders recognized in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). HPD is one of the Cluster B disorders, which are characterized as dramatic, overly emotional, and/or erratic.
The DSM-5 defines histrionic personality disorder as a pattern of extreme emotionality and attention-seeking behavior that begins by early adulthood and is obvious in different situations. In addition, you must have five or more of the following signs or symptoms to be diagnosed with HPD:2
- Discomfort in situations in which you’re not the center of attention
- Interaction with others that’s often characterized by inappropriate sexually seductive or provocative behavior
- Rapidly shifting and shallow expression of emotion
- Consistently uses physical appearance to draw attention to self
- Style of speech that is excessively impressionistic and lacking in detail
- Shows self-dramatization, theatricality, and exaggerated expression of emotion
- Is easily influenced by others or by circumstances
- Considers relationships to be more intimate than they actually are
People with HPD might be described as being overly dramatic, emotional, or attention-seeking. This pattern of behavior rises to the level of a clinical disorder when it significantly interferes with relationships, work, or other important domains in life.