Posted in Parental Alienation & Narcissistic Personality Disorder


The concept of psychopathy has been difficult to operationalize and research in the
area of psychopathy measurement is compromised by the absence of an agreed
definition of the disorder (O’Kane, Fawcett, & Blackburn, 1996). The description of
psychopathy which has received the most widespread acceptance among researchers
and clinicians is the one proposed by Cleckley (1941). Cleckley suggested
psychopathy to be composed of 16 traits reflecting affective and interpersonal
deficits, including callousness, lack of guilt, and egocentricity (see da Silva, Rijo, &
Salekin, 2012 for a detailed description). This characterization of psychopathy has
served as the basis for creating the Psychopathy Checklist (PCL; Hare, 1980) and its
updated version, the Psychopathy Checklist – Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 1991, 2003) –
often referred to as the “gold standard” for measuring psychopathy in clinical and
forensic settings.


Currently studying Psychotherapy , Cognitive psychology, Biological psychology, Counselling psychology and CBT and NLP. I believe in truth, honesty and integrity! ≧◔◡◔≦


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