“ABA is the process of systematically applying interventions based upon the principles of learning theory to improve socially significant behaviors to a meaningful degree, and to demonstrate that the interventions employed are responsible for the improvement in behavior (Baer, Wolf & Risley, 1968; Sulzer-Azaroff & Mayer, 1991).”
ABA is also characterized by the inclusion of seven dimensions within its practice. These seven dimensions were developed by Baer, Wolf, and Risley (1968). ABA includes the following characteristics (or dimensions):
- Generalization: The service focuses on achieving generalization of behaviors meaning that intervention emphasizes expanding learning to new behaviors, new settings, and ensuring that the behavior is maintained over time.
- Effective:The service strives to provide meaningful change.
- Technological: Services are described with clarity.
- Applied: Services focus on socially significant behaviors which emphasizes behaviors and skills important for improving the quality of life of the client.
- Conceptually Systematic: Services use behavioral terminology and concepts.
- Analytic: Services evaluate their effectiveness through systematic methods such as data collection and data analysis.
- Behavioral:Services address measurable behaviors.