We took an individual differences approach to explain revenge tendencies in powerholders. Across four experimental studies, chronically powerless individuals sought more revenge than chronically powerful individuals following a high power episode (Studies 1 and 2), when striking a powerful pose (Study 3), and when making a powerful hand gesture (Study 4). This relationship vanished when participants were not exposed to incidental power. A meta-analysis revealed that, relative to a lack of power or a neutral context, exposure to incidental power increased vengeance among the chronically powerless and reduced vengeance among the chronically powerful. These findings add to previous research on relations between power and aggression, and underscore the role of individual differences as a determinant of powerholders’ destructive responses.
p class=”nova-e-text nova-e-text–size-m nova-e-text–family-sans-serif nova-e-text–spacing-auto nova-e-text–color-inherit” itemprop=”description” style=”margin-top:0;color:inherit;font-weight:400;font-family:Roboto, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:.875rem;line-height:1.3;margin-bottom:1.42857em;”>