Posted in Alienation

Emotional intelligence, victimisation and bullying in adolescents

Investigations into the extent of bullying among Australian school children have indicated that between 10 and 25% are subjected to peer victimisation at least once a week (Forero, McLellen, Rissel & Bauman, 1999; Rigby & Slee, 1991). Research
into schoolyard bullying has highlighted not only the undesirable prevalence of bullying behaviours exhibited by adolescents but also the adverse consequences associated with bullying (Juvonen, Nishina, & Graham, 2000). Being a target of bullying has been found to have negative impacts upon social and emotional wellbeing, academic performance and success later in life (Bond, Carlin, Thomas, Rubin, & Patton, 2001). Considered to be a form of aggression, bullying behaviours are characterised by intent, power imbalance and are repeated over time (Olweus, 2000; Orpinas & Horne, 2006; Rigby, 1996). Although the understanding of precursors and maintaining factors of bullying in school aged children is rapidly growing, it is far from comprehensive (Olweus, 2000).
Previous studies focussing on bullying and victimisation have reported significant associations between these variables and empathy (Gini, Albiero, Benelli, & Altoe, 2007; Jolliffe & Farrington, 2006). Adolescent bullying behaviours have been
associated with low empathic responsiveness and empathic concern for others (Gini et al., 2007; Richardson, Hammock, Smith, Gardner, & Signo, 1994). The propensity of children to be victimised by their peers has been associated with lesser
ability to recognise and identify the emotions of others, as well as understand the thoughts, beliefs and intentions of others (Gini, 2006; Sutton, Smith, & Swettenham, 1999). Such skills are representative of the cognitive component of empathy – the
ability to take the perspective of another. The reasons why such deficits would be common to children who are victimised by their peers has not received a great deal of empirical attention and is thus far unclear. For example, it is not yet understood
whether low empathic ability precipitates victimisation, or is a consequence of experiencing victimisation.


Currently studying Psychotherapy , Cognitive psychology, Biological psychology, Counselling psychology and CBT and NLP. I believe in truth, honesty and integrity! ≧◔◡◔≦

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