Posted in Parental Alienation & Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Review of research and case law on parental alienation

This review of research and case law on the topic of parental alienation
aims to provide an evidence base to guide practice for Cafcass Cymru.
The notion of parental alienation was first recognised by Wallerstein and
Kelly in 1976, but it was Gardner’s assertion in 1987 that parental
alienation was a syndrome, that is, a mental condition suffered by
children who had been alienated by their mothers, which has led to
debate over the last 30 years. However, despite a wealth of papers
written by academics, legal and mental health professionals, there is a
dearth of empirical evidence on the topic.
Research in this area is dominated by only a few authors who appear
polarised in their acceptance or rejection of the nature and prevalence
of parental alienation. Such variability means that there is no
commonly accepted definition of parental alienation and insufficient
scientific substantiation regarding the identification, treatment and longterm effects (Saini, Johnston, Fidler and Bala, 2016). Without such
evidence, the label parental alienation syndrome (PAS) has been
likened to a ‘nuclear weapon’ that can be exploited within the
adversarial legal system in the battle for child residence (Schepard,
2001). Hence, Meier (2009) and others (e.g. Bala, Hunt and McCarney,
2010; Johnston, Walters and Oleson, 2005; Lee and Oleson, 2005;
Clarkson and Clarkson, 2006) have emphasised the need to distinguish
parental alienation from justifiable estrangement due to abuse, violence
or impaired parenting. and where parental alienation claims can be
far more often used in practice to deny real abuse than to
actually reduce psychological harm to children
(Meier, 2009:250)


Currently studying Psychotherapy , Cognitive psychology, Biological psychology, Counselling psychology and CBT. I believe in truth, honesty and integrity! ≧◔◡◔≦

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