Research in the field has labelled parental alienation an “unacknowledged form of family violence” and has found long-term mental health consequences for children who experience it, including anxiety, lowered self-esteem and general quality of life, as well as a greater risk of depression.
“Some of the stories are heartbreaking,” says Barbara Fidler, clinical-developmental psychologist in Toronto who has specialized in high-conflict parenting. She says her caseload is growing. “I actually lose sleep over these families. We are losing sleep because children are suffering.”