Method : an exhaustive search through the internet identified 27 quantitative studies that examined the PTSD of the parents in relation to the parenting domains.
Results : several parenting domains were investigated, including: parental satisfaction, parental stress, parent-child relationship and specific parenting practices. The sample sizes ranged between 19 and 3931 parents. A variety of parental traumas were investigated, which included traumatic experiences of birth, military trauma and couple violence. The findings indicated associations between parental PTSD and several parenting domains, but there were inconsistencies between the studies.
Conclusions : the findings suggested that PTSD of parents is associated with poor functioning in several parenting domains, including a higher level of parental stress, lower parental satisfaction, less optimal parent-child relationships, and more frequent use of negative parenting practices, such as overt hostility and controlling behavior. However, methodological limitations in the literature as a whole limited the potential for inferring the causal impacts of PTSD on parenting. More studies are still needed to advance our current understanding of the impact of different types of trauma on the parenting domains.