Verbal abuse encompasses many arenas and includes both real life and online cyber-bullying.
While any form is damaging, research shows that verbal abuse has an impact on both hemispheres of your brain. A disconnection of the hemispheres and a thinning in sections of your prefrontal cortex and medial temporal lobe, can cause you to disassociate, similar to those who suffered physical assault or sexual abuse.
The hard part about verbal abuse is that it’s less tangible. It’s harder for someone suffering from verbal abuse to distinguish the root of the cause, and they will commonly blames themselves for the verbal attacks.
One Harvard study in particular found those who had never experienced or witnessed physical abuse, domestic abuse or sexual trauma, but experienced being bullied in their adolescence, showed these similar changes in brain activity to those suffering from both verbal and physical trauma.