From the beginning, humanity has been riddled with brutality. Slavery, human sacrifice, burning “witches,” publically punishing women for disobeying their husbands, religious massacres, legitimized torture, grotesque public executions, and what we would now call inhumane treatment of children (e.g., caning)—were not only common but sanctioned as central activities in the sociocultural foundation of most societies. Fear was embedded in law, morality, and culture. What we now look at as the relationship between abused and abuser were at one time simply the relationship between adults and children (DeMause, ), slaves and their owners, men and women, a perpetrator and his victim, and a prisoner and his jailer (Sar, Middleton, & Dorahy, ). Over the years, our views and values have changed (Pinker, ). In today’s Western culture, such actions and interactions are largely illegal, or their morality is strongly questioned, even though they occur with not uncommon frequency. Where brutal interactions do occur, they are thought to be the cause of trauma: a potentially irreparable injury to the person’s psyche, and a potential cause of mental disorders.