Posted in Parental Alienation & Narcissistic Personality Disorder

MACH-IV: Machiavellianism Test

Niccol ò Machiavelli (1469-1527) was an Italian politician and philosopher who is famous for his advocacy of political ethics that hold effectiveness as more important that morality. He is the source of the phrase “the ends justify the means”.

In the 1960s, social psychologists Richard Christie and Florence L. Geis, who collected statements from Machiavelli\’s writings and asked people how much they agreed with each, concluded that Machiavellianism exists as a distinct personality trait. They published the MACH-IV in 1970 and it has been a popular instrument ever since.



Currently studying Psychotherapy , Cognitive psychology, Biological psychology, Counselling psychology and CBT. I believe in truth, honesty and integrity! ≧◔◡◔≦

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