Posted in Parental Alienation & Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Attachment theory

Attachment theory began to take shape in the 50’s with the work of English psychiatrist,
John Bowlby, and American sychologist, Mary Ainsworth. Attachment theory is based on
the belief that the mother­child (or caretaker) bond is the primary force in infant
Bowlby’s premise was that the relationship between infant and the primary caretaker is
responsible for:
· shaping all future relationships
· shaping our ability to focus,
· an awareness of our feelings
· an ability to calm ourselves and
· the ability to rebound from misfortune

Bowlby distinguished four patterns of attachment:

  • Secure attachment
  • Avoidant attachment
  • Ambivalent attachment
  • Disorganized attachment


The child who experiences severe emotional neglect or abuse early in life will experience profound attachment problems later in life.
While deprivations and lack of specific sensory experiences are common in the neglected child, the traumatised child experiences developmental insults related to patterns of over­ activation of neurochemical cues. Rather than a deprivation of sensory stimuli, the
traumatized child experiences over­activation of important neural systems during these
sensitive periods of development.



Living the dream in SW France-Retired Love Swimming, Rambling, Labrador's, Pilates, Photography, Astronomy, Reiki, Travelling. Currently studying Psychology, and member of NAAP. I believe in truth, honesty, karma and integrity! KEEPING IT REAL - No one likes someone who lies and lives a different life on social media than they do in real life. ≧◔◡◔≦

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