So what is the root of the problem? According to researchers P.J. Frick and S.F. White, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18221345 callous-unemotional character (CU) in a child can be a precursor to psychopathy, a condition characterized by lack of conscience. The traits of CU include
- Lack of empathy and fear
- Poor recognition of fear or distress in others
- Reduced reactivity to challenging events
- Over-focus on reward and insensitivity to punishment.
- Diminished guilt following negative actions