Raising a child in a hostile-aggressive parenting environment is, without a doubt, one of the most serious forms of child abuse and maltreatment imaginable.
Below are some examples of the widely-varied indicators that may be observed in a child who is being adversely affected by Hostile-Aggressive Parenting:
- High levels of conflict and behavioural between the child and the custodial HAP parent
- Child runs away from the home of the custodial HAP parent or may refuse to return to the home of the HAP parent
- Child may exhibit a number of behavioural problems
- May be overly quiet and reserved
- Emotional avoidance – defensive or fearful when questioned about the hostileaggressive parent’s behaviour
- Bed wetting and sleep disorders
- May express to their teacher, a desire to share their school related work with their non-custodial parent or to ask for help contact the other parent.
- The child may disclose information to third parties about the behaviours of the HAP parent
- The child may show greater affection to a parent/guardian contrary to the claims of the hostile-aggressive parent.
- The child may indicate fear of reprisal of a parent for disclosing information
- The child may show excessive animosity/fear/hate towards the non-custodial parent
- The child’s personality may change when the hostile-aggressive parent is present
- May self inflict injuries or exhibit suicidal tendencies
- The child may produce notes and drawings indicating sadness living with the HAP parent or indicating a desire to live with the non-custodial parent
- May show aggression towards the custodial parent especially at times just after returning back from parenting time with the non-custodial parent
- May show signs of physical abuse
- May lack self esteem and confidence