Posted in Parental Alienation & Narcissistic Personality Disorder

ACEs and Parental Alienation

In 1998 a research paper was published that presented the results of a large-scale study of middle class Americans. The study was a collaboration of the Centers for Disease Control and Kaiser Permanente. The researchers identified 7 adverse childhoodexperiences (ACEs) including three types of childhood maltreatment (physical abuse, sexual abuse, psychological abuse), parental substance abuse, parental mental illness, domestic violence, and having a parent in jail. Results were astounding:



Living the dream in SW France-Retired Love Swimming, Rambling, Labrador's, Pilates, Photography, Astronomy, Reiki, Travelling. Currently studying Psychology, and member of NAAP. I believe in truth, honesty, karma and integrity! KEEPING IT REAL - No one likes someone who lies and lives a different life on social media than they do in real life. ≧◔◡◔≦

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