The most common use of the term “emotional harm” is as one possible outcome of any form of maltreatment including neglect. The evidence for the emotionally harmful effects of neglect is covered elsewhere (see p37 onwards).
Emotional abuse is generally seen as a distinct form of maltreatment with its own literature. However, there is overlap between many forms of child maltreatment and this is especially true of neglect. The official definition of emotional abuse implies long-standing neglect of a child’s emotional and psychological needs: